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Molano, Eduardo. ""La naturaleza del matrimonio en la doctrina de Santo Tomas"". Persona y Derecho, 1 (1974) : 143-190.
This paper is the product of the direct study of those works of Sto Thomas
that deal with the nature of marriage. In the Introduction the author draws attention
to the fact that the best way of getting to know and of interpreting Sto Thomas'
teaching on marriage is by making a direct comparative study of al/ the
works in which he considers the subject.
The author begins with the three main aspects of marriage as considered by
Aquinas: its essence, its cause and its effect (.in matrimonio est tria considerare.
Primo, essentiam ipsius, quae est coniunctio.. . Secundo, causam eius, quae est
desponsatio. .. Tertio, effectum, qui est proles». Summa Theo/ogiae, Suppl., q. 44,
a.2), and develops his argument with the consideration of five fundamental points:
marriage as an institution of Natural Law; as a sacrament; its essence; its ends
and its essential properties; the essence of marriage and consent.
It is worth while drawing attention to an interesting feature of the present
study, which is that it achieves a synthesis of the Thomistic teaching on marriage
that, without being false to the genuine thinking of Sto Thomas, which must natural/
y be linked to historical circumstances different from ours, is mindful of the
more recent problems that have arisen from present-day thinking on marriage.
Special attention is given, for example, to the relationships between love and the
essence of marriage in Sto Thomas, and a link is indicated between love and the
ends and the essential properties (unity and indissolubility). In this way the
richness of the Thomistic teaching is harnessed to deal with the doctrinal problems
that are current nowadays, which have not always been considered with the pro
foundness necessary in a question of such importance as marriage.