Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Navarra
López-Escobar, Esteban y D'Entremont, Alban. ""Comunicación colectiva y desarrollo socioeconómico: cambio social, información y libertad"". Persona y Derecho, 5 (1978) : 361-388.
With regard to the socio-economic development process undertaken by a
large number of countries in the so-called Third World and in connection
with the central role played by collective communications within modern society,
the authors of this article state -and try to answer- the following
questions: 1) -What is the role of collective communications with regard to
the modernization process? 2) -Is the former at the same time one of the
motors and one of the indicators of the latter? 3) -Is freedom of information
and of expression one of the sacrifices which have to be made in order to
attain the desired objective?
To answer these questions, the authors start off by defining the frame
of reference of their work which is made up of an adequate notion of what constitutes
both terms, collective communications and socio-economic development.
Afterwards, they investigate the nexus existing between these two realities.
For this task, they bear in mind the latest basic bibliography on the subject,
put out by such classic researchers as LERNER, SCHRAMM, ROSTOW, PYE,
MERRILL, DE SOLA POOL, FREY, etc. In this sense, and following SCHRAMM
aboye all, they point out systematically the uses and the conditions for effectiveness
of the means of collective communications in societies which initiate
the difficult and long development process.
The authors then put forth the problems of freedom and responsibility with
regard to development, taking as their starting point for this investigation
the freedom and responsibilities of the media themselves. To solve adequately
the relations which exist between these two realities, the co-ordination of
which holds obvious ethical implications, is not an easy task, and constitutes
as the authors point out one of the main challenges facing those nations
which hope to attain social and economical development.