Nova agendi ratio in doctrinarum examine, Sacra e Congregationis in defensionem fidei, 15-1-1971, oritur ab reformatione facta in hac Congregatione post Concil¡ um Vaticanum 11, motu proprio Integrae servandae et, paulo postea, Constitutione Regimini Eeelesiae universae. Primum studetur quem nominant procedimentum extraordinarium, et quem specificant ut procedimentum urgentiae cum efficacitate executiva. Eius initium exsequitur per activitatem designatam sub nominatione iudieii diseriminativi praevii extraordinario et ordinario processui communis. Procedimentum ordinarius resolvitur per totum suum iter procedimentalem, quod eminet progressione per tria momenta dissimilia, in qUibus tria organa distincta Sacrae Congregationis ad examinandas doctrinas interveniunt ed ad emittendum theologicum de eis iudicium consentaneum: Congressus, Coetus consultorum et ordinaria Congregatio. In unaquaque re quod in hac activitate, ex qua etiam surgere possunt iura exigibilia via recursus, pertinet ad ambitum iuridicum, et quod ambitum est theologicum, id est, materia submissa iudicio iIIorum organorum sacri Oicasterii, distinguitur. Hoc iudicium efficitur ab auctoritate Ecclesiae exercitante officia consentanea muneri docendi. Agitur de iudicio congruentiae vel incongruentiae doctrinae examinatae ad mentem Revelationis a Magisterio promulgatae et custoditae. Hausto defensionis tramite quod auctori operis examinati offertur, si iudicium fuisset incóngruentiae et si iterum confirmatum fuisset ab ordinaria Congregatione, tale iudicium devenirte iudicium reprobationis et ederet -igitur efficacitatem iuridicam ex qua emanarent possibilitates adoptandi rationes naturae executivae propendentes in evitandum vel delimitandum damnum quod opus divulgatum cum doctrina erronea vel periculosa posset generare aut forte iam generavisset.----------------------------------------------------------------------
The Nova agendi ratio in doctrinarum examine, published January 15, 1971, by the Sacred Congregation for the Defense of the Faith, had been redacted as a result of that Congregation's reform subsequent to the Second Vatican Council. Its content had been determined by the Motu Proprio Integrae Servandae and, shortly afterwards, by the Constitution Regimini Eeelesiae Universae. First, the so-called extraordinary procedure, characterised as an urgent process having executive effect, is studied. The initiation of this procedure is under• taken by means of an activity that we designate the -previous, discriminative judgement-, which is applied in this extraordinary procedure as well as in the normal process. Subsequently, the ordinary procedure is traced all along its juridical path as it courses through the three diverse organs of the Sacred Congregation. These three organs, which share the task of examining the doctrinal principies put forth in each work, and of issuing the corresponding theological judgement with respect to the same, are: the Congress, the Coetus Consultorum and the ordinary Congregation. It is through this activity where, in each given case, all that which pertains to the judicial competence (fromwhich rights to legal remedies could arise) is distingUished
from what is of strictly theological competence: that is to say matters which can be resolved only by these organs of this Congregation. Such a judgement can be made by the ecclesiastical authority, exercising its function of the munus doeendi. This is simply a question of the concordance or disparity of the doctrine expressed in relation to the truths contained in the Divine Revelation, as proclaimed and maintained by the official teaching of the Church. Once all the methods of defense at the author's disposition have been exhausted, if the judgement has been one of incompatibility and this decision has be en confirmed by the ordinary Congregation, the judgement comes to be one of reprobation. From this moment the decision takes on juridical effects, from which can be derived possibilities of adopting executive measures, tending to avoid, or at least to limit, the negative effects that the divulgation of such . a work, containing dangerous or erroneous doctrines, should have already produced or might produce in the future.