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Distribution of peptidyl-glycine alpha-amidating mono-oxygenase (PAM) enzymes in normal human lung and in lung epithelial tumors
Authors: Saldise, L. (Laura)
Martinez, A. (Alfredo)
Montuenga, L.M. (Luis M.)
Treston, A.M. (Anthony M.)
Springall, D.R. (David R.)
Polak, J.M. (Julia M.)
Vazquez, J.J. (Jesús Jaime)
Keywords: Human lung
Lung tumors
Issue Date: 1996
Publisher: Sage Publications
Publisher version:
ISSN: 1551-5044
Citation: Saldise L, Martinez A, Montuenga LM, Treston A, Springall DR, Polak JM, et al. Distribution of peptidyl-glycine alpha-amidating mono-oxygenase (PAM) enzymes in normal human lung and in lung epithelial tumors. J Histochem Cytochem 1996 Jan;44(1):3-12.
C-terminal alpha-amidation is a post-translational modification necessary for the biological activity of many regulatory peptides produced in the respiratory tract. This modification is a two-step process catalyzed by two separate enzyme activities, both derived from the peptidyl-glycine alpha-amidating mono-oxygenase (PAM) precursor. The distribution of these two enzymes, peptidyl-glycine alpha-hydroxylating monoxygenase (PHM) and peptidyl-alpha-hydroxyglycine a amidating lyase (PAL), was studied in the normal lung and in lung tumors using immunocytochemical methods and in situ hybridization. In normal lung the enzymes were located in some cells of the airway epithelium and glands, the endothelium of blood vessels, some chondrocytes of the bronchial cartilage, the alveolar macrophages, smooth muscle cells, neurons of the intrinsic ganglia, and in myelinated nerves. A total of 24 lung tumors of seven different histological types were studied. All cases contained PAM-immunoreactive cells with various patterns of distribution. All immunoreactive cells were positive for the PHM antiserum but only some of them for the PAL antiserum. The distribution of PAM co-localizes with some other previously described amidated peptides, suggesting that amidation is an important physiological process taking place in the normal and malignant human lung tissue.
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DA - CIMA - Oncología - Biomarcadores - Artículos de Revista

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