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|A synthetic peptide from transforming growth factor-beta1 type III receptor prevents myocardial fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats|
|Authors: ||Hermida, N. (Nerea)|
Lopez, B. (Begoña)
Gonzalez, A. (Arantxa)
Dotor, J. (Javier)
Lasarte, J.J. (Juan José)
Sarobe, P. (Pablo)
Borras-Cuesta, F. (Francisco)
Diez, J. (Javier)
Transforming growth factor-β1
|Issue Date: ||2009|
|Publisher: ||Oxford University Press|
|Publisher version: ||http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cvr/cvn315|
|Citation: ||Hermida N, Lopez B, Gonzalez A, Dotor J, Lasarte JJ, Sarobe P, et al. A synthetic peptide from transforming growth factor-beta1 type III receptor prevents myocardial fibrosis in spontaneously hypertensive rats. Cardiovasc Res 2009 Feb 15;81(3):601-609.|
We investigated whether P144, a synthetic peptide from transforming growth factor-beta(1) (TGF-beta(1)) type III receptor betaglycan, exhibits cardiac antifibrotic properties.
METHODS AND RESULTS:
The study was carried out in one group of 10-week-old normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats treated with vehicle (V-WKY), one group of 10-week-old spontaneously hypertensive rats treated with vehicle (V-SHR), and one group of 10-week-old SHR treated with P144 (P144-SHR) for 12 weeks. Two more groups of 10-week-old untreated WKY and SHR were used to assess baseline values of the parameters tested. In addition, the effects of P144 on rat cardiac fibroblasts stimulated with TGF-beta(1) were also studied. Compared with V-WKY, V-SHR exhibited significant increases in the myocardial expression of phosphorylated Smad2, 38 and 42 kDa connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) isoforms, procollagen alpha1 (I) mRNA, and collagen type I protein, as well as in the expression of lysyl oxidase (LOX) mRNA and protein, collagen cross-linking and deposition. P144 administration was associated with significant reduction in all these parameters in P144-SHR. TGF-beta(1)-stimulated fibroblasts exhibited significant increases in phosphorylated Smad2, 38 and 42 kDa CTGF proteins, and procollagen alpha(1) (I) mRNA compared with control fibroblasts. No significant differences were found in these parameters between fibroblasts incubated with TGF-beta(1) and P144 and control fibroblasts.
These results show that P144 inhibits TGF-beta(1)-dependent signalling pathway and collagen type I synthesis in cardiac fibroblasts. These effects may be involved in the ability of this peptide to prevent myocardial fibrosis in SHR.
|Permanent link: ||http://hdl.handle.net/10171/20421|
|Appears in Collections:||DA - Medicina - Medicina Interna - Artículos de revista|
DA - CIMA - Cardiovasculares - Cardiopatía hipertensiva - Artículos de Revista
DA - CIMA - Terapia génica y Hepatología - Inmunología experimental - Artículos de revista
DA - CIMA - Terapia génica y Hepatología - Inmunología hepatitis virales - Artículos de revista
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