B cell epitopes of HIV type 1 p24 capsid protein: a reassessment
HIV Core Protein p24/immunology
HIV Infections/immunology
Issue Date: 
Mary Ann Liebert
Janvier B, Lasarte JJ, Sarobe P, Hoebeke J, Baillou-Beaufils A, Borras-Cuesta F, et al. B cell epitopes of HIV type 1 p24 capsid protein: a reassessment. AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses 1996 Apr 10;12(6):519-525.
The objective of the present study was to identify p24 antigenic domains recognized during natural human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infection, the determination of the major epitopes of p24 having significant applications for both the improvement of diagnostic approaches and the development of vaccines. Reactivity of 20 HIV-1-infected patients and 8 HIV-1-negative patients was analyzed using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) developed with 45 overlapping synthetic pentadecapeptides, spanning amino acids 133 to 363 of HIV-1 p55gag precursor. Two peptides covering aa 178-192 and 288-302 of p55 were recognized by 40 and 45% of HIV-1 antibody-positive human samples, respectively. A peptide covering aa 272-322 of p55 was synthesized and recognized by most human sera in indirect ELISA. However, inhibition assays indicated that this sequence does not contain all of the immunodominant domains of p24 since it was not sufficient to block binding of human sera to whole p24. A three-dimensional model of p24 derived from the Mengovirus VP2 suggests that the two distant sequences recognized by human sera containing antibodies to HIV-1 could possibly be a part of a conformational epitope built up by two loops corresponding to aa 183-186 and 289-292.

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