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Dadun > Depósito Académico > CIMA (Centro de Investigación Médica Aplicada) > Área de Ciencias Cardiovasculares > Cardiopatía hipertensiva > DA - CIMA - Cardiovasculares - Cardiopatía hipertensiva - Artículos de Revista >

Prevalence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in a general population
Authors: Kuznetsova, T. (Tatiana)
Herbots, L. (Lieven)
Lopez, B. (Begoña)
Jin, Y. (Yu)
Richart, T. (Tom)
Thijs, L. (Lutgarde)
Gonzalez, A. (Arantxa)
Herregods, M.C. (Marie-Christine)
Fagard, R.H. (Robert H.)
Diez, J. (Javier)
Staessen, J.A. (Jan A.)
Keywords: Epidemiology
Tissue Doppler imaging
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins
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ISSN: 1941-3297
Citation: Kuznetsova T, Herbots L, Lopez B, Jin Y, Richart T, Thijs L, et al. Prevalence of left ventricular diastolic dysfunction in a general population. Circ Heart Fail 2009 Mar;2(2):105-112.
BACKGROUND: Because the process of myocardial remodelling starts before the onset of symptoms, recent heart failure (HF) guidelines place special emphasis on the detection of subclinical left ventricular (LV) systolic and diastolic dysfunction and the timely identification of risk factors for HF. Our goal was to describe the prevalence and determinants (risk factors) of LV diastolic dysfunction in a general population and to compare the amino terminal probrain natriuretic peptide level across groups with and without diastolic dysfunction. METHODS AND RESULTS: In a randomly recruited population sample (n=539; 50.5% women; mean age, 52.5 years), we measured early and late diastolic peak velocities of mitral inflow (E and A), pulmonary vein flow by pulsed-wave Doppler, and the mitral annular velocities (Ea and Aa) at 4 sites by tissue Doppler imaging. A healthy subsample of 239 subjects (mean age, 43.7 years) provided age-specific cutoff limits for normal E/A and E/Ea ratios and the differences in duration between the mitral A and the reverse pulmonary vein flows during atrial systole (DeltaAd-ARd). The number of subjects in diastolic dysfunction groups 1 (impaired relaxation), 2 (elevated LV end-diastolic filling pressure), and 3 (elevated E/Ea and abnormally low E/A) were 53 (9.8%), 76 (14.1%), and 18 (3.4%), respectively. We used Delta(Ad
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