Diez J. Diagnosis and treatment of myocardial fibrosis in hypertensive heart disease. Circ J 2008;72 Suppl A:A8-12.
Although hypertensive heart disease (HHD) is clinically characterized by development of left ventricular hypertrophy in the absence of a cause other than arterial hypertension, changes in the composition of myocardial tissue also develop in arterial hypertension, leading to structural remodeling of the myocardium (eg, fibrosis). Myocardial fibrosis is the major determinant of diastolic dysfunction/failure in patients with HHD. Recent available data on the determination of serum concentrations of collagen-derived serum peptides, as well as quantitative analysis of echoreflectivity to address the presence of fibrosis in the myocardium of hypertensive patients, are promising. In addition, preliminary data suggest that the goal of reducing myocardial fibrosis is achievable using specific pharmacological agents in patients with HHD.