Endotoxin-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation in rabbits: effect of recombinant hirudin on hemostatic parameters, fibrin deposits, and mortality
Keywords: 
Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation/drug therapy
Hirudins/pharmacology
Issue Date: 
1998
Publisher: 
Elsevier
ISSN: 
1532-6543
Citation: 
Hermida J, Montes R, Paramo JA, Rocha E. Endotoxin-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation in rabbits: effect of recombinant hirudin on hemostatic parameters, fibrin deposits, and mortality. J Lab Clin Med 1998 Jan;131(1):77-83.
Abstract
We evaluated the effect of r-hirudin on an experimental model of disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC) in rabbits, through the continuous infusion of 100 microg/kg/hr of Escherichia coli endotoxin for a period of 6 hours. r-Hirudin (0.05, 0.3, and 0.6 mg/kg/hr) as treatment, or saline solution as placebo, were administered simultaneously with endotoxin. Severe DIC in the endotoxin control group was shown by impairment in hemostatic parameters, kidney fibrin deposition, and a high mortality rate. Medium and high doses of r-hirudin led to an improvement in such DIC-related parameters as platelet numbers and fibrinogen and protein C concentrations. High-dose r-hirudin also reduced consumption of antithrombin III (ATIII). All doses of r-hirudin prevented decreases in tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) and reduced the increase in plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) activity observed at 2 hours after endotoxin administration. A significant reduction in kidney fibrin deposition was seen in medium- and high-dose r-hirudin groups. Additionally, the mortality rate in rabbits receiving medium- and high-dose r-hirudin was 10%, and that in rabbits receiving low-dose r-hirudin was 20%, as compared with a mortality rate of 70% in the control group. Protein C activity was significantly lower (p < 0.001) in nonsurviving rabbits. Moreover, there was a strong positive correlation (r = 0.68, p < 0.001) between protein C consumption and kidney fibrin deposition. We conclude that r-hirudin can be a useful drug in the clinical treatment of DIC.

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