Montes R, Declerck PJ, Calvo A, Montes M, Hermida J, Munoz MC, et al. Prevention of renal fibrin deposition in endotoxin-induced DIC through inhibition of PAI-1. Thromb Haemost 2000 Jul;84(1):65-70.
Plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) increases in endotoxemia thus possibly cooperating in altering the hemostatic balance in a prothrombotic direction. The effect of the inhibition of PAI-1 with the monoclonal antibody MA-33B8 was studied systemically and in kidneys in a lapine model of endotoxin-induced disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC). The increase in plasmatic PAI activity in the control group (n = 9) was inhibited in the MA-33B8 treated rabbits (n = 5). Control rabbits showed renal fibrin deposits, whereas only one of the MA-33B8 rabbits did so. These results were confirmed immunohistochemically in kidneys as PAI-1 immunostaining was seen inside the glomeruli and larger vessels in the control group, whereas MA-33B8 rabbits showed a remarkable decrease, demonstrating that MA-33B8 successfully inhibited PAI-1 in the kidneys as well. Therefore evidence for the important role of PAI-1 in fibrin generation in endotoxin-induced DIC is presented, suggesting that strategies aiming at its reduction can be useful in this pathology.