Navas de Tolosa Innocent III Alfonso VIII Almohads
Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Navarra
SMITH, Damian J. “The Papacy, the Spanish Kingdoms and Las Navas de Tolosa” / “El papado, los reinos hispánicos y Las Navas de Tolosa”. Anuario Historia de la Iglesia, 20 (2011) : 157-178.
The victory of Las Navas de Tolosa was of
profound significance to Pope Innocent III. It came
after a long period of intensive papal activity in Spain.
We can only understand Innocent III’s actions during
the campaign by looking first of all at the actions of his
predecessors over a long period of time. Innocent built
on a long tradition of aiming to secure peace between
the Christian kingdoms in the Iberian Peninsula, combined
with the reform of the Church and the promotion
of the military and religious orders. But Christian
divisions and a lack of military success, either in Spain
or the Holy Land, meant that the papacy was sometimes
hesitant to commit itself to campaigns against