The response of the hepatocyte to ischemia
Keywords: 
Age
Cell death
Hepatocyte
Ischemia
Ischemic preconditioning
Reperfusion
Starvation
Steatosis
Issue Date: 
2007
Publisher: 
John Wiley and Sons
ISSN: 
1478-3231
Citation: 
Massip-Salcedo M, Rosello-Catafau J, Prieto J, Avila MA, Peralta C. The response of the hepatocyte to ischemia. Liver Int 2007 Feb;27(1):6-16.
Abstract
BACKGROUND: Ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury associated with hepatic resections and liver transplantation remains a serious complication in clinical practice, in spite of several attempts to solve the problem. AIMS: To evaluate the response of the hepatocyte to ischemia METHODS: Published data are thus revised. RESULTS: The response of the hepatocyte to ischemia is based on the sensitivity of hepatocytes to different types of ischemia, the kind of cell death of the hepatocyte when it is subjected to ischemia, and on the response of the hepatocyte to the different times and extents of ischemia. Clinical factors including starvation, graft, age, and hepatic steatosis, all of which contribute to enhancing liver susceptibility to ischemia/reperfusion injury. CONCLUSION: Ischemic preconditioning, based on the induction of a brief ischemia to the liver prior to a prolonged ischemia, has been applied in tumor hepatic resections for reducing hepatic I/R injury and recent clinical studies suggest that this surgical strategy could be appropriate for liver transplantation.

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