Studies on chitosan as an admixture for cement-based materials: assessment of its viscosity enhancing effect and complexing ability for heavy metals
Keywords: 
Metal-polymer complexes
Viscosity
Additives
Composites
Electrochemistry
Issue Date: 
5-Apr-2011
Publisher: 
Wiley-Blackwell
ISSN: 
1097-4628
Citation: 
Lasheras-Zubiate M, Navarro-Blasco I, Fernández JM, Alvarez JI. Studies on chitosan as an admixture for cement-based materials: Assessment of its viscosity enhancing effect and complexing ability for heavy metals. J Appl Polym Sci 2011;120(1):242-252.
Abstract
Chitosans of different molecular weights were assessed as cement admixtures in order to modify the rheological properties of a fresh cement paste. Their sequestering capability with respect to several heavy and toxic metals was checked and the complexation processes were investigated by different approaches based on electrochemical measurements. The aim was to conduct research on a potentially useful polymer to be added to cementitious materials acting as a viscosity modifier as well as a heavy metal immobilising agent. Pb, Cu, Zn, Cd, Mo and Cr were used as target metals. The highest complexation affinity was found towards Zn, with stoichiometries up to 1:40 having been calculated. Chitosan was proved to act as a thickener in cement mixtures. The highest molecular weight chitosan showed the greatest effectiveness taking into account its combined role as heavy metal retainer and thickener. In addition, a clear interaction between this high molecular weight chitosan and cement particles was also demonstrated by means of zeta potential measurements.

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