Incidence of Anagrus obscurus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) egg parasitism on Calopteryx haemorrhoidalis and Platycnemis pennipes (Odonata: Calopterygidae, Platycnemididae) in Italy
Materias Investigacion::Ciencias de la vida::Zoología
Parasitism rate
Egg parasitoid
Endophytic oviposition
Issue Date: 
Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
Santolamazza S, Baquero E, Cordero-Rivera A. Incidence of Anagrus obscurus (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) egg parasitism on Calopteryx haemorrhoidalis and Platycnemis pennipes (Odonata: Calopterygidae: Platycnemididae) in Italy. Entomol Sci 2011 JUL;14(3):366-369.
Very little is known about the incidence of egg parasitoids in odonates, perhaps because Odonata eggs are well protected in stems or leaves, sometimes below water. In Central Italy (Pontecorvo, Frosinone province) two damselflies, Calopteryx haemorrhoidalis and Platycnemis pennipes occur at high densities. In August 2007 we collected 30 stems of the aquatic plant Potamogeton sp. used as substrate for oviposition and incubated eggs in the laboratory. Most stems (24 for C. haemorrhoidalis and 23 for P. pennipes) contained odonata eggs. Parasitoids emerged from 12 stems, with a mean parasitism of 2% for C. haemorrhoidalis and 6% for P. pennipes, and a maximum of 14% and 50%, respectively. Furthermore, we observed egg-laying of 19 females of C. haemorrhoidalis and 11 of P. pennipes, and marked the stems where oviposition was observed. Clutches remained in the river for 5 days and were then collected and incubated. Parasitoids emerged from 11 stems out of 30, with an average parasitism of 8% for C. haemorrhoidalis and 3% for P. pennipes (maximum of 50% and 29%, respectively). All parasitoids belonged to the family Mymaridae, and were identified as Anagrus (Anagrus) obscurus Förster, 1861, sensu Soyka, 1955. This is the first time that such species is described as an egg parasitoid of odonates, and that an egg parasitoid of C. haemorrhoidalis and P. pennipes is identified. Our data suggest that egg parasitism might be a significant selective factor for both odonates in the studied locality, affecting female oviposition behaviour.

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