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Experimentally observed route to spatiotemporal chaos in an extended one-dimensional array of convective oscillators
Authors: Miranda, M.A. (Montserrat A.)
Burguete, J. (J.)
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: American Physical Society
ISSN: 1539-3755
Citation: Miranda, M. A. & Burguete, J. 'Experimentally observed route to spatiotemporal chaos in an extended one-dimensional array of convective oscillators' Phys. Rev. E, 2009, 79, 046201
We report experimental evidence of the route to spatiotemporal chaos in a large one-dimensional array of hotspots in a thermoconvective system. As the driving force is increased, a stationary cellular pattern becomes unstable toward a mixed pattern of irregular clusters which consist of time-dependent localized patterns of variable spatiotemporal coherence. These irregular clusters coexist with the basic cellular pattern. The Fourier spectra corresponding to this synchronization transition reveal the weak coupling of a resonant triad. This pattern saturates with the formation of a unique domain of high spatiotemporal coherence. As we further increase the driving force, a supercritical bifurcation to a spatiotemporal beating regime takes place. The new pattern is characterized by the presence of two stationary clusters with a characteristic zig-zag geometry. The Fourier analysis reveals a stronger coupling than the previous mixed pattern and enables us to find out that this beating phenomenon is produced by the splitting of the fundamental spatiotemporal frequencies in a narrow band. Both secondary instabilities are phaselike synchronization transitions with global and absolute character. Far beyond this threshold, a new instability takes place when the system is not able to sustain the spatial frequency splitting, although the temporal beating remains inside these domains. These experimental results may support the understanding of other systems in nature undergoing similar clustering processes.
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