Hemostasia Angiogénesis Cáncer Factor von Willebrand Adhesión plaquetar
Ediciones Universidad de Navarra
Gil-Bazo I, Catalán V, Páramo J, Quero C, Escrivá de Romaní S, Pérez-Ochoa A , et al. Factor von Willebrand como intermediario entre la hemostasia y la angiogénesis de origen tumoral. Rev Med Univ Navarra. 2003 Jul-Sep;47(3):22-8.
Cancer patients often show an imbalance condition between coagulation system and fibrinolysis which causes a prothrombotic state. Different molecular factors like von Willebrand factor (vWf), presenting higher plasmatic rates in these patients, play an important role in this situation. During active angiogenesis taking place in tumor growth, the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and the fibroblast growth factor (FGF-2) contribute to the proliferation and differentiation of endothelial tissue, the main vWf producer, promoting increased rates of vWf in the serum of neoplastic patients. Recently vWf's contribution to tumor cells and platelet adhesion has been described. In this process, the discovery of platelet, endothelial and tumor cell membrane integrins and their implication in cellular adhesion has represented a major step in demonstrating how blood clotting and platelet aggregation are mediated by tumor cell and platelet linkage. Migration properties acquired by tumor cells as a result of this binding have been also pointed out. Clinical trials show higher rates of plasmatic vWf in cancer patients the more advanced clinical and radiological stage they present (metastasic versus localized). Moreover, higher pre-surgical serum vWf rates in patients can be used to predict poorer survival after resection surgery. vWf high molecular weight multimers have been also related to a cleavage protease deficiency in the serum of the oncologic population. The promising results of antiaggregation/anticoagulation therapies in these patients permit us to envisage new therapeutic targets