Co-occurrence of aflatoxins, ochratoxin A and zearalenone in breakfast cereals from spanish market
Palabras clave : 
Mycotoxin
Aflatoxins
Ochratoxin A
Zearalenone
Co-occurrence
Breakfast cereals
Fecha de publicación: 
2011
Editorial : 
Elsevier
ISSN: 
0956-7135
Cita: 
Ibáñez-Vea M, Martínez R, González-Peñas E, Lizarraga E, López de Cerain A. Co-occurrence of aflatoxins, ochratoxin A and zearalenone in breakfast cereals from spanish market. Food Control 2011Dec;22(12):1949–1955
Resumen
Forty-six breakfast cereal samples from the Spanish market have been analyzed for the occurrence of aflatoxins (AFB1, AFG1, AFB2 and AFG2), ochratoxin A (OTA) and zearalenone (ZEA). According to the results, 9% of the samples were contaminated with AFB1 although no sample exceeded the LOQ (0.2 μg kg-1), and no sample presented detectable levels of the other aflatoxins (AFB2, AFG1 and AFG2). Zearalenone and OTA contaminated 48 and 39% of the samples, respectively, with mean values of the samples having quantification levels of 25.40 and 0.37 μg kg-1, respectively. The co23 occurrence of OTA and ZEA was observed in 28% of the samples. Aflatoxin B1 appeared only in the corn-based breakfast cereals, whereas ZEA and OTA showed the highest contamination rates in the samples containing wheat and wheat and rice, respectively. No sample of high-fiber content was contaminated with AFB1, whereas OTA and ZEA occurred with higher incidence in high-fiber content samples. Moreover, the daily exposure to AFB1, OTA and ZEA is discussed.

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AFs-OTA-ZEA breakfast cereals.pdf
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