Orchestrated downregulation of genes involved in oxidative metabolic pathways in obese vs. lean high-fat young male consumers
Palabras clave : 
Obesity
Genetic susceptibility
High fat diet
Metabolic pathways
Microarray
Fecha de publicación: 
2011
Editorial : 
Springer
ISSN: 
1138-7548
Cita: 
Marrades MP, González-Muniesa P, Arteta D, Martínez JA, Moreno-Aliaga MJ. Orchestrated downregulation of genes involved in oxidative metabolic pathways in obese vs. lean high-fat young male consumers. J Physiol Biochem. 2011 Mar;67(1):15-26
Resumen
There are major variations in the susceptibility to weight gain among individuals under similar external influences (decreased physical activity and excessive calorie intake), depending on the genetic background. In the present study, we performed a microarray analysis and RT-PCR validations in order to find out differential gene expression in subcutaneous abdominal adipose tissue from two groups of subjects that despite living in similar environmental conditions such as a habitual high fat dietary intake (energy as fat >40%) and similar moderate physical activity, some of them were successfully “resistant” (lean) to weight gain, while others were “susceptible” to fat deposition (obese). The classification of up- and down- regulated genes into different categories together with the analysis of the altered biochemical pathways, revealed a coordinated downregulation of catabolic pathways operating in the mitochondria: fatty acid oxidation (P=0.008), TCA cycle (P=0.001) and electron transport chain (P=0.012). At the same time, glucose metabolism (P=0.010) and fatty acid biosynthesis (P=0.011) pathways were also downregulated in obese compared to lean subjects. In conclusion, our data showed an orchestrated downregulation of nuclear-encoded mitochondrial gene expression. These genes are involved in cellular respiration and oxidative metabolism pathways, and could play a role in the susceptibility to weight gain in some individuals.

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Muniesa_Orchestrated JPBY20R1.pdf
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