Amézqueta S, Schorr-Galindo S, Murillo-Arbizu M.T, González-Peñas E, López-de-Cerain A, Guiraud J.P. OTA-producing fungi in foodstuffs: A review. Food Control 2012 Aug;26(2):259–268
Ochratoxin A (OTA) is a secondary metabolite produced by filamentous fungi of the genera Aspergillus and Penicillium present in a wide variety of foodstuffs. The most relevant OTA-producing species are Penicillium verrucosum (P. verrucosum), Aspergillus ochraceus (A. ochraceus), A. niger and A. carbonarius due to their prevalence in foodstuffs (cereals, grapes, coffee, etc.) and the number of strains able to produce OTA.
To target pre- and post-harvest control programs, studies concerning the toxigenic fungi in each foodstuff are essential. This paper summarizes the state-of-the-art and the requirements in OTA control.