A lyophilized water extract of melissa officinalis L. as an effective natural antioxidant during the storage of dry fermented sausages high in alpha-linolenic acid and DHA
Keywords: 
Natural antioxidants
Sausages
Omega-3
Linseed oil
Algae oil
Oxidation
Issue Date: 
2012
Publisher: 
David Publishing
ISSN: 
2159-5828
Citation: 
García-Íñiguez-de-Ciriano M, Larequi E, Berasategi I, Calvo M.I, Cavero R.I, Navarro-Blasco I, et al. A lyophilized water extract of melissa officinalis L. as an effective natural antioxidant during the storage of dry fermented sausages high in alpha-linolenic acid and DHA. J Food Sci Eng. 2012;2(1):56-63
Abstract
Abstract: A pre-emulsified mixture of linseed and algae oils (15/10) and stabilized with 686 ppm of a lyophilized water extract of Melissa officinalis, was successfully applied in dry fermented sausages to increase the ω-3 PUFA content. The objective of this work was to evaluate the stability of this modified formulation during the storage and to compare it to that of a traditional formulation. Traditional and modified products were stored during 90 days at 4 ºC in aerobic conditions. Fatty acid profiles, TBARS and volatile compounds derived from oxidation were analyzed at 0, 30 and 90 days of storage. The fatty acid profiles did not significantly change along the storage period. The stabilizing effect of the natural antioxidants of M. officinalis could contribute to detect no losses of ω-3 PUFA in Modified (30 days: 2.13 g/100 g of product, 90 days: 2.33 g/100 g of product), whereas in Control products a slightly significant reduction was detected (30 days: 0.34 g/100 g of product, 90 days: 0.29 g/100 g of product). After 90 days, the increases of TBARS and hexanal content were much higher in Control than in Modified (Control: 1.41 mg MDA/kg & 17,915 ng dodecane/kg of dry matter; Modified: 0.48 mg MDA/kg & 2,496 ng dodecane/kg of dry matter). In conclusion, the lyophilized water extract of M. officinalis protected high ω-3 PUFA of dry fermented sausages from oxidation along the storage time, guaranteeing the nutritional improvements achieved with the modified formulation.

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