Reshaping faecal gut microbiota composition by the intake of trans-resveratrol and quercetin in high-fat sucrose diet-fed rats
Palabras clave : 
Intestinal permeability
Obesity
Inflammation
Gut bacteria
Stilbene
Flavonol
Fecha de publicación: 
2015
Editorial : 
Elsevier
ISSN: 
0955-2863
Cita: 
Etxeberria U, Arias N, Boqué N, Macarulla MT, Portillo MP, Martínez JA, et al. Reshaping faecal gut microbiota composition by the intake of trans-resveratrol and quercetin in high-fat sucrose diet-fed rats. J Nutr Biochem. 2015 Feb;26(6):651–660
Resumen
Diet‐induced obesity is associated to an imbalance in the normal gut microbiota composition. Resveratrol and quercetin, widely known for their health beneficial properties, have low bioavailability and, when reach the colon, they are targets of the gut microbial ecosystem. Hence, the use of these molecules in obesity might be considered as a potential strategy to modulate intestinal bacterial composition. The purpose of this study was to determine whether trans‐resveratrol and quercetin administration could counteract gut microbiota dysbiosis produced by high‐fat sucrose diet (HFS) and in turn, improve gut health. Wistar rats were randomized into four groups fed a HFS diet supplemented or not with trans‐resveratrol (15 mg/kg BW/day), quercetin (30 mg/kg BW/day) or a combination of both polyphenols at those doses. Administration of both polyphenols together prevented body‐weight gain and reduced serum insulin levels. Moreover, individual supplementation of trans‐resveratrol and quercetin effectively reduced serum insulin levels and insulin resistance. Quercetin supplementation generated a great impact on gut microbiota composition at different taxonomic levels, attenuating Firmicutes/Bacteroidetes ratio and inhibiting the growth of bacterial species previously associated to diet‐induced obesity (Erysipelotrichaceae, Bacillus, Eubacterium 1 cylindroides). Overall, the administration of quercetin was found to be effective in lessening HFS diet‐induced gut microbiota dysbiosis. In contrast, trans‐resveratrol supplementation alone or in combination with quercetin, scarcely modified the profile of gut bacteria, but acted at intestinal level altering the mRNA expression of tight‐junction proteins (TJPs) and inflammation associated genes.

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Etxeberria U et al-JNB-14-445.pdf
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