Identificación de factores asociados a cambios de medicación en personas mayores institucionalizadas
Palabras clave : 
Changes in medication
Medicación review
Drug related problems
Geriatric pharmacotherapy
Nursing homes
Pharmacy services
Personas mayores
Cambios de medicación
Materias Investigacion::Farmacia::Farmacia y farmacología
Fecha de publicación: 
2015
Fecha de la defensa: 
14-jun-2013
Editorial : 
Servicio de Publicaciones. Universidad de Navarra.
Cita: 
HERNÁNDEZ SOTO, Luis Esteban. “Identificación de factores asociados a cambios de medicación en personas mayores institucionalizadas”. Lasheras Aldaz, Berta (dir.), Ruiz-Canela López, Miguel (codir.) Tesis doctoral. Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, 2013
Resumen
Objective: To identify factors associated with the number of medication changes (MC) in elderly nursing home residents. Method: Prospective study for 4 months. The number of MC was recorded weekly. We analyzed the factors associated with having a large number of changes (4 or more), calculating the odds ratio as a measure of association through multivariate logistic regression and a confidence interval of 95% (OR, 95% CI) Results: There were 997 CM in 234 residents. A 80.0% of patients had any medication change, while 42.7% of patients had four or more CM. The largest number of MC was associated with nervous system medicines, digestive and metabolism system medicines and cardiovascular system medicines. Factors associated with a large number of CM were having chronic renal failure, immobility, heart failure, loss of visual acuity, dysphagia, edema, comorbidity and polypharmacy. Both polypharmacy and comorbidity (measured by the Charlson index) were associated with a high number of medication changes (¡Ý 4) in four months, regardless of other variables. The risk of having a large number of medication changes in patients with polypharmacy is three times higher, while in patients with comorbidity is twice as high. On the other hand, patients suffering from the above diseases had approximately twice the risk of having 4 or more medication changes in four months. Conclusions: A large number of CM is associated with risk factors as indicators of drug-related problems. The number of CM in elderly nursing home residents may be an indicator to prioritize the medication review.

Ficheros en este registro:
Fichero: 
Tesis_LuisEstebanHernándezSoto.pdf
Descripción: 
Tamaño: 
1,31 MB
Formato: 
Adobe PDF


Los ítems de Dadun están protegidos por copyright, con todos los derechos reservados, a menos que se indique lo contrario.