Materias Investigacion::Ciencias de la vida::Biología Truffle orchards Prostigmata Mesostigmata Oribatida Tuber melanosporum Acari
Fecha de publicación:
Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria
Queralt-Azcona M, Moraza ML, de-Miguel AM. Preliminary study of the mite community structure in different black truffle producing soils. Forest Systems 2014;23(2):339-348
Aims of the study: The goals of this paper are to provide preliminary data on the composition of the mite community
in truffle-producing soils (both wild and plantations), and to elucidate those species which may interact with the black
truffle life cycle.
Area of study: The study was carried out in two black truffle productive zones in Navarra (Spain), in four different
plantations and five wild production areas.
Material and methods: Fauna was extracted using Berlese Tullgren funnels. Animals were separated into taxonomic
groups, and mites were identified. To analyse the composition and community structure of the different habitats,
parameters such as abundance, species richness, and Shanon Weiner diversity index (H’) were calculated.
Main results: A total of 305 mites were recognized, belonging to 58 species representing the three major taxonomic
groups (Oribatida, Prostigmata, Mesostigmata).
Research highlights: The results show a possible trend towards wild areas having greater diversity and species
richness than plantations. Furthermore, community analysis shows differences in species compositions among different
study areas, and oribatid mites always exhibit the highest relative abundance and species richness.