Political theology Locke Prerogative Religion Toleration Materias Investigacion::Arte y Humanidades::Filosofía
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Montserrat Herrero, ""The quest for Locke’s political theology"".Etica & Politica / Ethics & Politics. (2016) XVIII/2:pp. 83-109.
Theological and political concepts and practices are frequently deeply related in
political thought. If this statement is true in general, it is particularly accurate for the
case of John Locke, to the extent that we can apply the label “political theology”—
following Carl Schmitt’s approach to the topic—for evaluating his project. Elisabeth A.
Pritchard’s recent book Religion in Public: Locke’s Political Theology centers on that
specific “label,” which has sometimes been used, albeit not frequently, by other scholars.
Speaking of a Lockean political theology means that liberalism does not represent the
official end of every kind of political theology. In Pritchard’s understanding, Locke’s
political theology consists of the shared conviction or consensus that individuals are the
sacred property of a transcendent and benevolent creator. As a result, in his view Locke
condemns every kind of political theology that compromises with hierarchical and
competitive structures, providing differential access to the sacred. In this article I will
defend a competing argument: In John Locke’s writings we can find a political theology
of sovereignty, even though he argued using liberal political presuppositions. In the end
he consecrates political power just as the previous political tradition did, even if he uses
a different argumentative path for achieving legitimation. He creates the fiction that
political intervention, even in sacred matters, can be eliminated from the political