Somatic Copy-Number Alterations across Human Cancers from LncRNA Perspective
Keywords: 
Materias Investigacion::Ciencias de la Salud::Oncología
Issue Date: 
5-Dec-2017
Defense Date: 
28-Sep-2017
Citation: 
ATHIE CUERVO, Alejandro. “Somatic Copy-Number Alterations across Human Cancers from LncRNA Perspective”. Huarte, M. (dir.). Tesis doctoral. Universidad de Navarra, Pamplona, 2017.
Abstract
The genome of a tumor cell presents thousands of genomic alterations including base-substitutions and somatic copy number alterations (SCNAs). SCNAs comprise amplifications and deletions of big chromosomal regions usually containing hundreds of genes. Some of these regions harbor well-studied cancer drivers; however many others do not contain a known driver. The analysis of SCNA focusing on the non-coding genome helped us pinpoint a list of copy number altered long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs). In order to validate our findings we experimentally characterized functionally and mechanistically a lncRNA amplified in lung cancer which we named LUAD-amp-1. LUAD-amp-1 acts as an oncogenic lncRNA, and its expression is induced by the transcription factor NF-B upon TNF treatment. Moreover, LUAD-amp-1 is implicated in the inhibition of a set of NF-B regulated genes including TNF itself. LUAD-amp-1 molecular mechanism relies on its association with SART3, altering its localization and modulating the nuclear translocation of its associated protein USP4.

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