Leibniz, in order to avoid both determinism and indiferentism,
says that knowledge inclines the agent towards the best action
without necessitating it. According to his modal theory, an action
is contingent if the opposite is (logically) possible. The article
examines the coherence of Leiniz’s notion of «inclining but not
necessitating» in the context of contemporary philosophy of action,
profiting from the distinction between reasons and causes.
The kind of freedom which is possible according to Leibniz philosophy
depends on this question.