Materias Investigacion::Ciencias de la Salud::Diabetes e hipertensión Materias Investigacion::Ciencias de la Salud::Nutrición y dietética
Cambridge University Press
1368-9800 1475-2727(Ed. electrónica)
Public Health Nutr 2006; 9(1A): 127-31.
Objective: Cohort study (the SUN project) to identify dietary determinants of
hypertension, diabetes, obesity and coronary heart disease (CHD), among other conditions.
Design: The SUN project is a Mediterranean dynamic prospective follow-up (cohort)
study assessing participants every 2 years. The recruitment started in 2000 and it is
permanently open (this is a dynamic cohort). A preliminary case–control study of
myocardial infarction was also conducted, selecting incident cases of myocardial
infarction and matched hospital controls.
Setting: The SUN study is conducted in Spain with university graduates, most of them
being former students of the University of Navarra. The case–control study was conducted in three tertiary hospitals in the city of Pamplona (Spain).
Subjects: The case–control study included 171 cases and 171 controls. We have
currently enrolled more than 17 500 participants in the SUN cohort. Approximately
7500 of them were enrolled less than 2 years ago, and have not received yet the
invitation to complete the 2-year follow-up assessment. The follow-up rate for the first
10 000 participants approaches 90%.
Results: The case–control study found inverse associations between olive oil (or
adherence to a Mediterranean food pattern) and myocardial infarction. In the SUN
cohort, after 28.5 months of follow-up a higher adherence to a Mediterranean food
pattern rich in olive oil was associated with a reduced risk of hypertension, though
the results were statistically significant only among men.
Conclusions: The SUN study and the accompanying case–control study support the
benefits of a Mediterranean diet and olive oil against CHD and hypertension.