Clogging of granular material in vertical pipes discharged at constant velocity
Keywords: 
Física
Granular media
Clogs
Issue Date: 
2017
Publisher: 
EDP Sciences
Note: 
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons: Atribution License (cc BY)
Citation: 
López, D.; Zuriguel-Ballaz, I. (Iker); Maza-Ozcoidi, D. (Diego Martín). "Clogging of granular material in vertical pipes discharged at constant velocity". En EPJ Web of Conferences 140, 03033 (2017). Powders & Grains 2017 (pp. 03033-). EDP Sciences, 2017
Abstract
We report an experimental study on the flow of spherical particles through a vertical pipe discharged at constant velocity by means of a conveyor belt placed at the bottom. For a pipe diameter 3.67 times the diameter of the particles, we observe the development of hanging arches that stop the flow as they are able to support the weight of the particles above them. We find that the distribution of times that it takes until a stable clog develops, decays exponentially. This is compatible with a clogging probability that remains constant during the discharge. We also observe that the probability of clogging along the pipe decreases with the height, i.e. most of the clogs are developed near the bottom. This spatial dependence may be attributed to different pressure values within the pipe which might also be related to a spontaneous development of an helical structure of the grains inside the pipe.

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