Dynamics of breaking arches under a constant vibration
Keywords: 
Física
Issue Date: 
2017
Publisher: 
EDP Sciences
Note: 
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons: Atribution License (cc BY)
Citation: 
Guerrero-Borges, B. (Bruno Valdemar); Lozano, C.; Zuriguel-Ballaz, I. (Iker); et al. "Dynamics of breaking arches under a constant vibration". En EPJ Web of Conferences 140, 03016 (2017). Powders & Grains 2017 (pp. 03016-). EDP Sciences, 2017
Abstract
Granular flow through an orifice can be suddenly halted by the formation of arches in the vicinity of the outlet, which are stable under the action of gravity. They may be broken when an external driving (for instance, vibration) is applied. With the aim of shedding light on the dynamics of arch destruction, we built an experiment consisting of a vertical two-dimensional silo filled with monodisperse beads, to which a constant vibration is applied. It was previously found that an important parameter to predict the robustness of the arch is the angle between consecutive beads. We focus on long-enduring arches and study the angles among the beads along time. We have found that in many cases the dynamics of the largest angle determines the breaking of the arch; it does not only determine where the ¿weakest link¿ is, but also the process that leads to the final destabilization. This is interesting because it can provide information about whether the flow will resume in a well-defined time or not, which is especially useful for industrial processes that have to constantly deal with the possible emergence of clogs.

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