Fujiyoshi T, Carrez O, Imizcoz M, Zornoza A, Isasi JR Interpenetrated polymer networks of Poly(β-cyclodextrin) and Polyvinylpyrrolidone with synergistic and selective sorption capacities. Carbohydrate Polymers, 2019 219: 105 - 112
Interpenetrating polymer network (IPN) hydrogels were synthesised using β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) and N-vynil-2-pyrrolidone (NVP) crosslinked with epichlorohydrin and divinylbenzene, respectively, and prepared by four different procedures: simultaneous, sequential, hybrid and a novel one named hybrid-sequential.
The IPNs prepared have been characterised by infrared spectroscopy and thermal analysis. The equilibrium swelling in water and the sorption of model substances into the IPNs have also been studied. The model sorbates (1-naphthol, 2-acetylnaphthalene and tannic acid) were selected according to the affinities towards each one of the two constituent polymers.
Our studies reveal that these IPNs can be applied for the sorption of substances that can interact with the network by two mechanisms, i.e. inclusion within cyclodextrin cavities and/or via specific interactions with the functional groups present. Besides, due to the complementary character of their constituent polymers, these networks could also serve to retain two substances of different nature such as cetirizine and pseudoephedrine.