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|Nutritional assessment interpretation on 22 007 Spanish community-dwelling elders through the Mini Nutritional Assessment test|
|Authors: ||Cuervo, M. (Marta)|
Garcia, A. (A.)
Ansorena, D. (Diana)
Sanchez-Villegas, A. (Almudena)
Martinez-Gonzalez, M.A. (Miguel Ángel)
Astiasarán, I. (Iciar)
Martinez, J.A. (Jose Alfredo)
|Keywords: ||Materias Investigacion::Ciencias de la Salud::Nutrición y dietética|
|Issue Date: ||2009|
|Publisher: ||Cambridge University Press|
|Publisher version: ||http://journals.cambridge.org/action/displayAbstract?aid=3046216|
|Citation: ||Cuervo M, Garcia A, Ansorena D, Sanchez-Villegas A, Martinez-Gonzalez MA, Astiasaran I, et al. Nutritional assessment interpretation on 22 007 Spanish community-dwelling elders through the Mini Nutritional Assessment test. Public Health Nutr. 2009;12(1):82-90.|
Objectives: To evaluate the prevalence of undernutrition among community-dwelling elderly people in Spain using the Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA) and to analyse its distribution according to age, gender and residence region.
Design: Cross-sectional study assessing the nutritional status of elderly persons through both the short form and the full version of the MNA test.
Setting: Pharmacy offices across the whole country (Spain) were enrolled to recruit participants.
Subjects: A total of 22 007 participants (8014 men and 13 993 women), aged >= 65 years, assessed during the last two months of 2005.
Results: According to MNA screening, 4.3% subjects were classified as undernourished (MNA score <17) and 25.4% were at risk of undernutrition (MNA score >= 17 to <= 23.5). The MNA short form correlated strongly with the full MNA version (r = 0.85). MNA total score was significantly higher in men than in women (25.4 (SD 3.7) v. 24.6 (SD 3.9); P < 0.001) and lower in the oldest than in the youngest subjects (P < 0.001) in both genders. According to regional distribution, the best nutritional status was found in elderly from the north of Spain excluding the north-west area.
Conclusions: Female gender, older age and living in the south half or northwest of the country were associated with higher rates of undernutrition among community-dwelling elderly persons in Spain.
|Permanent link: ||http://hdl.handle.net/10171/6112|
|Appears in Collections:||DA - Farmacia - CAFT - Línea Especial de Nutrición|
DA - Farmacia - CAFT - Artículos de revista
DA - Medicina - MPSP -Artículos de revista
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