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Dadun > Depósito Académico > Facultad de Farmacia > Departamento de Ciencias de la Alimentación, Fisiología y Toxicología > DA - Farmacia - CAFT - Artículos de revista >

Macronutrient intake and metabolic syndrome in subjects at high cardiovascular risk
Autor(es) : Cabello-Saavedra, E. (E.)
Bes-Rastrollo, M. (Maira)
Martinez, J.A. (Jose Alfredo)
Diez-Espino, J. (Javier)
Buil-Cosiales, P. (Pilar)
Serrano, M. (Manuel)
Martinez-Gonzalez, M.A. (Miguel Ángel)
Palabras clave : Materias Investigacion::Ciencias de la Salud::Nutrición y dietética
Materias Investigacion::Ciencias de la Salud::Endocrinología
Fecha incorporación: 2010
Editorial : Karger
Versión del editor: http://dx.doi.org/10.1159/000280104
ISSN: 0250-6807
Cita: Cabello-Saavedra E, Bes-Rastrollo M, Martinez JA, Diez-Espino J, Buil-Cosiales P, Serrano-Martinez M, et al. Macronutrient intake and metabolic syndrome in subjects at high cardiovascular risk. Ann.Nutr.Metab. 2010;56(2):152-159.
Resumen
The effect of macronutrient intake on the metabolic syndrome (MS) is still controversial. Our aim in this study was to assess the relationships between macronutrient intake and the risk of developing the MS in subjects at high cardiovascular risk. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 967 high-risk men and women (55-80 years) were assessed according to the MS criteria defined by the National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (ATP3) and those established by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF). A 137-item validated food frequency questionnaire was used. Odds ratios (OR) for macronutrient intake and MS were calculated and adjustments were made for potential confounders. RESULTS: When applying the ATP3 criteria, an inverse association was found for fiber and polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFAs) intake, with ORs of 0.55 (95% CI: 0.35-0.86) and 0.60 (95% CI: 0.39-0.94), respectively, for the 5th versus the 1st quintile. Using the IDF criteria, an inverse association between fiber intake and the MS was obtained whereas a direct association was found between carbohydrate intake and the MS: OR = 1.71 (95% CI: 1.05-2.79) for the highest versus the lowest quintile. CONCLUSIONS: A diet rich in fiber and PUFAs is correlated with a reduced risk of MS in subjects at high cardiovascular risk.
Enlace permanente: http://hdl.handle.net/10171/6546
Aparece en las colecciones: DA - Farmacia - CAFT - Línea Especial de Nutrición
DA - Farmacia - CAFT - Artículos de revista
DA - Medicina - MPSP -Artículos de revista

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