Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Navarra
Saranyana, José Ignacio. ""Presupuestos para una teoría económica de la población"". Persona y Derecho, 2 (1975) : 307-320.
The subject of the relationship between economic deve/opment and popu/ation
gravvth has frequently been treated -especially in the last two decades- from
the point of view of value judgments which postulate a marked incompatibility
between the two variables, in such a way that birth control appears to be justified.
Myrdal, more than anyone perhaps, has formulated this pessimistic postulate in
a very complete manner. Nelson has also followed this same line of reasoning,
expressing in a highly technical manner the supposed dichotomy between the
two variables in his well-known Theory 01 the Low-/eve/ Equilibrium Trap.
In this paper, the starting principies of Myrdal's formulation are discussed at
length, and Nelson's analyses -his doctrinal supports- are equally criticized.
At the same time, basing himself in Keynes, the author offers an outline which
purports to solve the stated problem. This implies, logically, a new axiomatic
approach -which is very much in accordance with the results achieved by Sauvy,
Livi, Gonnard, Hirschmann, and Hansen- according. to which true economic development
is impossible without population growth. AII this presupposes -although
It may seem paradoxical- the rediscovery of the fact that economics is meant to
serve man and not viceversa.