Criticismo trascendental
Keywords: 
Aquino, Tomás de
Kant, Immanuel
Descartes, René
ontología del sujeto
intuición de sí mismo
apercepción pura
autoconciencia existencial
Issue Date: 
2010
ISSN: 
0066-5215
Citation: 
Anuario Filosófico, 43/3 (2010), 477-503
Abstract
In this presentation, unpublished until now, Francisco Canals establishes a dialogue between Kantian trascendentalism and Aquinas' thought. The question concerning the ontology of the knowing human subject, blocked by the presuppositions of Kant, can in turn be formulated and find response in the metaphysics of knowledge of Aquinas. In the face of the problems raised by the Cartesian postulation of a perfect intellectual intuition of the thinking self, and in the face of the separation of the pure ego and the empirical ego which is operative in Kant, Canals proposes an ontology of the subject based in the metaphysics of knowledge of Thomas Aquinas, where the finite, intellectual, sensible compound that is the human being is interpreted within the plane of his intellectual nature.
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