Decreased excretion of nitrate and nitrite in essential hypertensives with renal vasoconstriction
Essential hypertension
Renal hemodynamics
Nitric oxide
Renal vascular resistance.
Issue Date: 
Nature Publishing Group
Sierra M, Gonzalez A, Gomez-Alamillo C, Monreal I, Huarte E, Gil A, et al. Decreased excretion of nitrate and nitrite in essential hypertensives with renal vasoconstriction. Kidney Int Suppl 1998 Dec;68:S10-3.
Most hypertensive patients exhibit increased renal vascular resistance (RVR). This study was designed to investigate whether there exists any relationship between RVR and the production of nitric oxide (NO) in patients with essential hypertension. The study was performed in 49 non-treated patients with mild-to-moderate essential hypertension, and 20 age- and sex-matched normotensive subjects on a controlled sodium diet. Renal hemodynamics was measured in terms of the clearance of para-aminohippuric acid and inulin. Urinary excretion of nitrate and nitrite (NO3- plus NO2-) was determined as an index of NO production. As compared with normotensives, hypertensive patients exhibited higher (P < 0.001) RVR and lower (P < 0.05) urinary excretion of NO3- plus NO2-. With the 100% confidence (upper) limit of the normotensive population as a cut-off point, a subgroup of 30 hypertensives had an abnormally high RVR. The excretion of NO3- plus NO2- was lower (P < 0.005) in hypertensives with high RVR than in normotensives and the remaining hypertensives. No differences were found in the urinary excretion of NO3- plus NO2- between normotensives and hypertensives with normal RVR. Statistically significant associations were seen between diastolic blood pressure and RVR (r = 0.341, P < 0.05) and urinary excretion of NO3- plus NO2- (r = -0.387, P < 0.01) in all hypertensives. These results indicate that there is a subgroup (61%) of hypertensive patients with diminished urine levels of NO3- plus NO2- in which RVR is abnormally increased. Thus, it is suggested that in essential hypertension a diminished renal ability to produce NO by the endothelium may be involved in exaggerated renal vasoconstriction.

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