Fat intake leads to differential response of rat adipocytes to glucose, insulin and ascorbic acid
Keywords: 
Vitamin C
Diet-induced obesity
Adipose tissue
Cell culture
Adipokines
Issue Date: 
2012
Publisher: 
Royal Society of Medicine Press
ISSN: 
1535-3702
Citation: 
Garcia-Diaz DF, Campion J, Arellano AV, Milagro FI, Moreno-Aliaga MJ, Martinez JA. Fat intake leads to differential response of rat adipocytes to glucose, insulin and ascorbic acid. Exp Biol Med (Maywood) 2012 Apr;237(4):407-416.
Abstract
Antioxidant-based treatments have emerged as novel and interesting approaches to counteract fat accumulation in obesity and associated metabolic disturbances. Adipocytes from rats that were fed on chow or high-fat diet (HFD) for 50 d were isolated (primary adipocytes) and incubated (72 h) on low (LG; 5.6 mmol/L) or high (HG; 25 mmol/L) glucose levels, in the presence or absence of 1.6 nmol/L insulin and 200 μmol/L vitamin C (VC). Adipocytes from HFD-fed animals presented lower insulin-induced glucose uptake, lower lactate and glycerol release, and lower insulin-induced secretion of some adipokines as compared with controls. HG treatment restored the blunted response to insulin regarding apelin secretion in adipocytes from HFD-fed rats. VC treatment inhibited the levels of nearly all variables, irrespective of the adipocytes' dietary origin. The HG treatment reduced adipocyte viability, and VC protected from this toxic effect, although more drastically in control adipocytes. Summing up, in vivo chow or HFD intake determines a differential response to insulin and glucose treatments that appears to be dependent on the insulin-resistance status of the adipocytes, while VC modifies some responses from adipocytes independently of the previous dietary intake of the animals.

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