Aristotle not only develops for the first time practical philosophy as a independient discipline, but also points out the specific methological problems and bounds of such a discipline, insolar its target is not merely theoretical, but also practical. Such problems
are connected basically with the impossibility of reaching the
particular as the specific object of action on the level of theoretical
reflection. The correa application of universal norms to the
particular circumstances of action remains therefore a task to be
solved by the personal agent. Phronesis or 'prudence' is the faculty that allows to cope with this task adequately, Le. in accordance
with the normative standards of virtue.