The role of consciousness in triggering intellectual habits
Keywords: 
Attentional orientation
Post-error slowing
inhibitory control
intellectual habits
Consciousness and truth
Issue Date: 
2014
OpenAIRE: 
Obra Social La Caixa
ISSN: 
1662-5161
Citation: 
Sánchez-Cañizares J (2014) The role of consciousness in triggering intellectual habits. Front. Hum. Neurosci. 8:312
Abstract
When must a specific cognitive habit be called upon to solve a problem? In the subject’s learning process, ‘knowing-to’ is connected with a conscious particular judgment of truth or ‘aha’ moment enacting a new behavioral schema. This paper comments on recent experiments supporting the view that a shift from automatic to controlled forms of inhibition, involving conscious attention, is crucial for detecting errors and activating a new strategy in complex cognitive situations. The part that consciousness plays in this process agrees with its philosophical description as ‘judge of truth’, and can thus be regarded as an essential precursor to the development of higher cognitive habits

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