Las recientes reformas legales en el sistema matrimonial español
Other Titles: 
Recent Changes in Confessional Marriage Law
Keywords: 
Sistema matrimonial
Matrimonio religioso
Matrimonio canónico
Celebración
Extinción
Eficacia civil
Religious marriage
Canonical marriage
Celebration
Dissolution
Civil Effect
Issue Date: 
2016
Publisher: 
Servicio de Publicaciones de la Universidad de Navarra
ISSN: 
2254-6219
Citation: 
Sanciñena-Asurmendi, C. (Camino). "Las recientes reformas legales en el sistema matrimonial español". Ius Canonicum. 56 (112), 2016, 663 - 694
Abstract
Las recientes reformas legales en el sistema matrimonial español han afectado al matrimonio religioso, tanto en su momento constitutivo como en su momento extintivo. Algunas de estas reformas han tenido por objeto directo el matrimonio de carácter religioso, mientras que otras –no menos importantes– han llegado al matrimonio religioso al modificarse la regulación del matrimonio civil. La Ley de Jurisdicción voluntaria ha extendido la autorización de matrimonios religiosos, en orden a proteger y promover los principios constitucionales de libertad, igualdad y pluralismo. Admite el matrimonio religioso previsto por aquellas confesiones o comunidades, que estando inscritas en el Registro de Entidades Religiosas, hayan obtenido declaración de notorio arraigo en España, como los Mormones, los Testigos de Jehová, Budistas o la Iglesia Ortodoxa. Además, las recientes reformas legales han modificado, si bien indirectamente, el procedimiento para el reconocimiento de las resoluciones eclesiásticas matrimoniales.
The subject of this article is the recent change in the law regarding the celebration and dissolution of confessional marriages. Since July 2015, different kinds of marriages have been permitted in Spain in order to honour constitutional principles such as religious freedom, equality and pluralism. People in Spain may enter into civil marriage via a civil or religious process, or into canonical marriage in canonical form. Regardless of the marriage process, identical civil rights are granted on the celebration of the marriage. The religious processes are also substantially affected by the Voluntary Jurisdiction Act, amendments to the Civil Code and the Civil Registration Act. The final result is that Spanish people are allowed to be married by the rite of other religions or churches, such as Buddhism, Hinduism, the Orthodox Church, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-day Saints (informally, the Mormon Church). Spanish law likewise fully recognizes canonical marriage, and the complete regulation thereof by ecclesiastical laws, including in relation to absolution. However, the procedures whereby civil rights are granted to ecclesiastical decisions have been profoundly altered by the recent changes in the law.

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