Divine Providence: fine-grained, coarse-grained, or something in between?
Keywords: 
Divine Providence
Problem of chance
Probabilistic theism
Theodicy of chance
Gratuitous evil
Issue Date: 
2020
Publisher: 
The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin
ISSN: 
0035-7685
Note: 
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Citation: 
1. Guillon J-B. Divine Providence: fine-grained, coarse-grained, or something in between? Rocz Filoz. 2020 Oct 1;68(3):71–109.
Abstract
Dariusz Łukasiewicz has investigated in depth the “Argument from Chance” which argues that the data revealing chance in the world are incompatible with Divine Providence. Łukasiewicz agrees that these data undermine the traditional model of Providence—a fine-grained model in which every single detail is controlled by God—but maintains that they are not incompatible with a coarse-grained model—in which God leaves to chance many aspects of history (including some horrendous evils). Furthermore, Łukasiewicz provides independent reasons to prefer this coarse-grained model. Even though I agree that a maximally fine-grained model is undermined by the scientific data, I argue that this is no sufficient reason to adopt a model as coarse-grained as Łukasiewicz’s. I propose a model of intermediate level of fine-grainedness which could avoid the drawbacks of both extremes, and seems to me to provide a more traditional approach to the problem of evil.

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