Validity and reliability of the Self-care Activities Screening Scale (SASS-14) during COVID-19 lockdown
Construct validation
Self-care screening
Exploratory and confrmatory factor analyses
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Martínez-Villar, M. (Martín); Luis-García, E. (Elkin Oswaldo); Yair Oliveros, E.; et al. "Validity and reliability of the Self-care Activities Screening Scale (SASS-14) during COVID-19 lockdown". Health and quality of life outcomes. 19 (1), 2021, 1
In a context where there is no treatment for the current COVID-19 virus, the combination of self-care behaviours together with confinement, are strategies to decrease the risk of contagion and remain healthy. However, there are no self-care measures to screen self-care activities in general population and which, could be briefly in a lockdown situation. This research aims to build and validate a psychometric tool to screen self-care activities in general population. Firstly, an exploratory factor analysis was performed in a sample of 226 participants to discover the underlying factorial structure and to reduce the number of items in the original tool into a significant pool of items related to self-care. Later a confirmatory factor analyses were performed in a new sample of 261 participants to test for the fit and goodness of factor solutions. Internal validity, reliability, and convergent validity between its score with perceived stress and psychological well-being measures were examined on this sample. The exploratory analyses suggested a four-factor solution, corresponding to health consciousness, nutrition and physical activity, sleep, and intra-personal and inter-personal coping skills (14 items). Then, the four-factor structure was confirmed as the best model fit for self-care activities. The tool demonstrated good reliability, predictive validity of individuals¿ perception of coping with COVID-19 lockdown, and convergent validity with well-being and perceived stress.

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