A Glossary for Research on Human Crowd Dynamics
Keywords: 
Materias Investigacion::Matemáticas::Generalidades
Agency (collective)
Agent
Behaviour (collective)
Bottleneck
Capacity
Clogging
Arching
Cognitive maps
Collective action
Collectivity
Crowd
Emotions (group-based and collective)
Evacuation
Flow
Fundamental diagram
Group
Group coordination
Hand calculation
Lane formation
Model (general, acceleration-based, agent-based, cellular automata, computational, conceptual, deterministic, empirical, formal, hybrid, macroscopic, machine learning, mesoscopic, microscopic, multi-scale, probabilistic or stochastic, velocity-based)
Navigation mesh
Network
Pedestrian
Phenomenon (collective)
Pitch invasion
Queuing
Rituals
Routing
Social appraisal
Social contagion
Social transfer
Social spread
Social identity
Social norm
Social relation
Trajectory
Wayfinding
Issue Date: 
2019
Publisher: 
Forschungszentrum Julich, Zentralbibliothek
Publisher Version: 
ISSN: 
2366-8539
Note: 
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Citation: 
Adrian, J. (Juliane); Amos, M. (Martyn); Baratchi, M. (Mitra); et al. "A Glossary for Research on Human Crowd Dynamics". Collective Dynamics. 4, 2019, A19
Abstract
This article presents a glossary of terms that are frequently used in research on human crowds. This topic is inherently multidisciplinary as it includes work in and across computer science, engineering, mathematics, physics, psychology and social science, for example. We do not view the glossary presented here as a collection of finalised and formal definitions. Instead, we suggest it is a snapshot of current views and the starting point of an ongoing process that we hope will be useful in providing some guidance on the use of terminology to develop a mutual understanding across disciplines. The glossary was developed collaboratively during a multidisciplinary meeting. We deliberately allow several definitions of terms, to reflect the confluence of disciplines in the field. This also reflects the fact not all contributors necessarily agree with all definitions in this glossary.

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