Could There Have Been Human Families Where Parents Came from Different Populations: Denisovans, Neanderthals or Sapiens?
Keywords: 
Neanderthals
Denisovans
Homo sapiens
interbreeding
gene flow
ensoulment
Issue Date: 
2020
Publisher: 
Uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika
ISSN: 
2300-7648
Citation: 
Uhlik, M.E. (Marcin Edward). "Could There Have Been Human Families Where Parents Came from Different Populations: Denisovans, Neanderthals or Sapiens?". Scientia et Fides. 8 (2), 2020, 193 - 221
Abstract
No later than ~500kya the population of Homo sapiens split into three lin-eages of independently evolving human populations: Sapiens, Neanderthals and Den-isovans. After several hundred thousands years, they met several times and interbred with low frequency. Evidence of coupling between them is found in fossil records of Neanderthal – Sapiens offspring (Oase 1) and Neanderthal – Denisovans (Denisova 11)offspring. Moreover, the analysis of ancient and present-day population DNA shows that there were several significant gene flows between populations. Many introgressed sequences from Denisovans and Neanderthals were identified in genomes of currently living populations. All these data, according to biological species definition, may in-dicate that populations of H. sapiens sapiens and two extinct populations H. sapiens neanderthalensis and H. sapiens denisovensis are one species. Ontological transitions from pre-human beings to humans might have happened before the initial splitting of the Homo sapiens population or after the splitting during evolution of H. sapiens sapiens lineage in Africa. If the ensoulment of the first homo occurred in the evolving populations of H. sapiens sapiens, then occasionally mixed couples (Neanderthals – Sa-piens or Denisovans – Sapiens) created relations that functioned as a family, in which children could have matured.

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