Interaction between microalloying additions and phase transformation during intercritical deformation in low carbon steels
Keywords: 
Intercritical rolling
Microalloying
Microstructure
EBSD
Issue Date: 
2019
Publisher: 
MDPI AG
ISSN: 
2075-4701
Note: 
Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Citation: 
Mayo, U. (Unai); Isasti-Gordobil, N. (Nerea); Rodriguez-Ibabe, J.M. (José María); et al. "Interaction between microalloying additions and phase transformation during intercritical deformation in low carbon steels". Metals. 9 (10), 2019, 1049
Abstract
Heavy gauge line pipe and structural steel plate materials are often rolled in the two-phase region for strength reasons. However, strength and toughness show opposite trends, and the exact effect of each rolling process parameter remains unclear. Even though intercritical rolling has been widely studied, the specific mechanisms that act when different microalloying elements are added remain unclear. To investigate this further, laboratory thermomechanical simulations reproducing intercritical rolling conditions were performed in plain low carbon and NbV-microalloyed steels. Based on a previously developed procedure using electron backscattered diffraction (EBSD), the discretization between intercritically deformed ferrite and new ferrite grains formed after deformation was extended to microalloyed steels. The austenite conditioning before intercritical deformation in the Nb-bearing steel affects the balance of final precipitates by modifying the size distributions and origin of the Nb (C, N). This fact could modify the substructure in the intercritically deformed grains. A simple transformation model is proposed to predict average grain sizes under intercritical deformation conditions.

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