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dc.creatorVara-Miguel, A. (Alfonso)-
dc.creatorSánchez-Blanco, C. (Cristina)-
dc.creatorSádaba-Chalezquer, C. (Charo)-
dc.creatorNegredo-Bruna, S. (Samuel)-
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-21T10:16:50Z-
dc.date.available2022-01-21T10:16:50Z-
dc.date.issued2021-10-14-
dc.identifier.citationSustainabilityes_ES
dc.identifier.issn2071-1050-
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10171/62785-
dc.description.abstractDigital news publishers strive to balance revenue streams in their business models: as standard advertising declines, alternatives for sustaining digital journalism arise in the forms of sponsored content, user donations and payments—one-off purchases, subscriptions or memberships, public or private grants, electronic commerce, events and consulting. An exhaustive study found 2874 active online news publications in Spain, and it observed the adoption of such models in early 2021. Advertising remains the most popular source of income for digital news operations (85.8%) and most sites rely on just one or two revenue streams (74.5%). We compare the cases in our census by their origin (digital-native or non-native), geography (local/regional or national/global) and topic scope (generalist or specialized). We find that traditional, national and specialized online media have a broader and more innovative revenue mix than digital-native, regional or local and general-interest news outlets. The comprehensiveness of this pioneering study sheds light for the first time on the risk that the lack of diversification and innovation in funding sources may imperil the financial sustainability of some online news operations in Spain, mostly those with a smaller scope and no backing from a traditional business, according to the results we present herees_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was developed within the project DIGINATIVEMEDIA 2019–2021: “Cibermedios nativos digitales en España: caracterización y tendencias”, and thus the research and APC were funded by Ministerio de Ciencia, Innovación y Universidades (Gobierno de España) and the European Regional Development Fund, ERDF (Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional, FEDER), grant number RTI2018-093346-B-C31.es_ES
dc.format.extent17es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherCogitatioes_ES
dc.rightsinfo:eu-repo/semantics/openAccesses_ES
dc.subjectMedia economicses_ES
dc.subjectDigital economyes_ES
dc.subjectRevenue streamses_ES
dc.subjectDigital-native mediaes_ES
dc.subjectNews websiteses_ES
dc.subjectDigital publishinges_ES
dc.subjectNews organizationses_ES
dc.subjectPaywalles_ES
dc.subjectCrowdfundinges_ES
dc.titleFunding sustainable online news: sources of revenue in digital-native and traditional media in Spaines_ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/articlees_ES
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/13/20/11328es_ES
dc.description.noteThis article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (https:// creativecommons.org/licenses/by/ 4.0/).es_ES
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/su132011328-
dadun.citation.endingPage17es_ES
dadun.citation.publicationNameSustainabilityes_ES
dadun.citation.startingPage1es_ES
dadun.citation.volume13es_ES

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