Interventions to empower cardiorenal patients: A systematic review
Keywords: 
Materias Investigacion::Ciencias de la Salud::Enfermería
Cardiorenal disease
Chronic heart failure
Chronic kidney disease
Empowerment
Intervention
Nursing
Issue Date: 
2021
Publisher: 
Wiley
ISSN: 
0309-2402
Note: 
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Citation: 
Ania-González, N. (Noelia); Olano-Lizarraga, M. (Maddi); Vazquez-Calatayud, M. (Mónica). "Interventions to empower cardiorenal patients: A systematic review". Journal of Advanced Nursing. 78 (2), 2021, 363 - 376
Abstract
Aims: To identify the most effective interventions to empower cardiorenal patients.Design: A systematic review of the literature has been carried out.Data sources: The PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Cochrane databases were re-viewed, and journals in the field were manually searched between January and February 2020.Review methods: Five randomized clinical trials and quasi-experimental studies that met the selection and CONSORT & TREND methodological quality criteria were selected.Results: The evidence supports that there are no existing interventions aimed at em-powering cardiorenal patients. However, the interventions to empower people with chronic kidney disease and heart failure suggest that their integration should address seven domains: patient education, sense of self- management, constructive coping, peer sharing, enablement, self-efficacy and quality of life.Conclusion: A gap has been revealed in the literature regarding the empowerment of cardiorenal patients. This review provides relevant information to help design, imple-ment and evaluate interventions to empower these patients by describing the strate-gies used to empower people experiencing both chronic conditions and the tools used for their assessment.Impact: There is a need for further research to design, implement and evaluate a mul-tidimensional intervention that favours the empowerment of cardiorenal patients by using valid and reliable instruments that measure the domains that constitute it in an integrated manner. Interventions aimed at empowering the cardiorenal patient should include seven domains: patient education, sense of self-management, constructive coping, peer sharing, enablement, self-efficacy and quality of life.

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