New insights on arabidopsis thaliana root adaption to ammonium nutrition by the use of a quantitative proteomic approach
Keywords: 
Ammonium
Arabidopsis thaliana
Carbon metabolism
Nitrogen metabolism
Nitrate
Proteomics
Root
Secondary metabolism
Issue Date: 
2019
Publisher: 
MDPI AG
ISSN: 
1422-0067
Note: 
This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
Citation: 
Coleto, I. (Inmaculada); Vega-Mas, I. (Izargi); Glauser, G. (Gaetan); et al. "New insights on arabidopsis thaliana root adaption to ammonium nutrition by the use of a quantitative proteomic approach". International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 20 (4), 2019, 814
Abstract
Nitrogen is an essential element for plant nutrition. Nitrate and ammonium are the two major inorganic nitrogen forms available for plant growth. Plant preference for one or the other form depends on the interplay between plant genetic background and environmental variables. Ammonium-based fertilization has been shown less environmentally harmful compared to nitrate fertilization, because of reducing, among others, nitrate leaching and nitrous oxide emissions. However, ammonium nutrition may become a stressful situation for a wide range of plant species when the ion is present at high concentrations. Although studied for long time, there is still an important lack of knowledge to explain plant tolerance or sensitivity towards ammonium nutrition. In this context, we performed a comparative proteomic study in roots of Arabidopsis thaliana plants grown under exclusive ammonium or nitrate supply. We identified and quantified 68 proteins with differential abundance between both conditions. These proteins revealed new potential important players on root response to ammonium nutrition, such as H+ -consuming metabolic pathways to regulate pH homeostasis and specific secondary metabolic pathways like brassinosteroid and glucosinolate biosynthetic pathways.

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