Simulating rewetting events in intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams: A global analysis of leached nutrients and organic matter
Authors: 
Shumilova, O. (Oleksandra)
Zak, D. (Dominik)
Datry, T. (Thibault)
Schiller, D. (Daniel) von
Corti, R. (Roland)
Foulquier, A. (Arnaud)
Obrador, B. (Biel)
Tockner, K. (Klement)
Allan, D.C. (Daniel C.)
Altermatt, F. (Florian)
Arce, M.I. (María Isabel)
Arnon, S. (Shai)
Banas, D. (Damien)
Banegas‐Medina, A. (Andy)
Beller, E. (Erin)
Blanchettem, M.E. (Melanie E.)
Blanco‐Libreros, J.F. (Juan F.)
Blessing, J. (Joanna)
Boëchat, L.G. (Lola Goncalves)
Boersma, K. (Kate) scopusid
Bogan, M.T. (Michael T.)
Bonada, N. (Núria)
Bond, N. (Nick R.)
Brintrup, K. (Kate)
Bruder, A. (Andreas)
Burrows, R. (Ryan)
Cancellario, T. (Tommaso) scopusid
Carlson, S.M. (Stephanie M.)
Cauvy‐Fraunié, S. (Sophie)
Cid, N. (Núria)
Danger, M. (Michael)
Terra, B. (Bianca)
Girolamo, A.M. (Anna Maria) de
Campo, R. (Ruben) del
Dyer, F. (Fiona)
Elosegi, A. (Arturo)
Faye, E. (Emile)
Febria, C. (Catherine)
Figueroa, R. (Ricardo)
Four, B. (Brian)
Gessner, M.O. (Mark O.)
Gnohossou, P. (Pierre)
Gómez-Cerezo, R. (Rosa)
Gomez‐Gener, L. (Lluís)
Graça, M.A.S. (Manuel A. S.)
Guareschi, S. (Simone)
Gücker, B. (Björn)
Hwan, J.L. (Jason L.)
Kubheka, S. (Skhumbuzo)
Langhans, S.D. (Simone Daniela)
Leigh, C. (Catherine)
Little, C.J. (Chelsea J.)
Lorenz, S. (Stefan)
Marshal, J. (Jonathan)
McIntosh, A. (Angus)
Mendoza‐Lera, C. (Clara)
Meyer, E.I. (Elisabeth Irmgard)
Milisa, M. (Marko)
Mlambo, M.C. (Musa C.)
Moleón, M. (Marcos)
Negus, P. (Peter)
Niyog, D. (Dev)
Papatheodoulou, A. (Athina)
Pardo, I. (Isabel)
Paril, P. (Petr)
Pesic, V. (Vladimir)
Rodriguez-Lozano, P. (Pablo)
Rolls, R.J. (Robert J.)
Sanchez-Montoya, M.M. (Maria Mar)
Savic, A. (Ana)
Steward, A. (Alisha)
Stubbington, R. (Rachel)
Taleb, A. (Amina)
Vorste, R.V. (Ross Vander)
Waltham, N. (Nathan)
Zoppini, A. (Annamaria)
Zarfl, C. (Christiane)
Keywords: 
Biofilms
Leaching
Leaf litter
Rewetting
Sediments
Temporary rivers
Issue Date: 
2019
Publisher: 
Wiley
ISSN: 
1354-1013
Note: 
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation: 
Shumilova, O. (Oleksandra); Zak, D. (Dominik); Datry, T. (Thibault); et al. "Simulating rewetting events in intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams: A global analysis of leached nutrients and organic matter". Global Change Biology. 25 (5), 2019, 1591 - 1611
Abstract
Climate change and human pressures are changing the global distribution and the ex‐ tent of intermittent rivers and ephemeral streams (IRES), which comprise half of the global river network area. IRES are characterized by periods of flow cessation, during which channel substrates accumulate and undergo physico‐chemical changes (precon‐ ditioning), and periods of flow resumption, when these substrates are rewetted and release pulses of dissolved nutrients and organic matter (OM). However, there are no estimates of the amounts and quality of leached substances, nor is there information on the underlying environmental constraints operating at the global scale. We experi‐ mentally simulated, under standard laboratory conditions, rewetting of leaves, river‐ bed sediments, and epilithic biofilms collected during the dry phase across 205 IRES from five major climate zones. We determined the amounts and qualitative character‐ istics of the leached nutrients and OM, and estimated their areal fluxes from riverbeds. In addition, we evaluated the variance in leachate characteristics in relation to selected environmental variables and substrate characteristics. We found that sediments, due to their large quantities within riverbeds, contribute most to the overall flux of dis‐ solved substances during rewetting events (56%–98%), and that flux rates distinctly differ among climate zones. Dissolved organic carbon, phenolics, and nitrate contrib‐ uted most to the areal fluxes. The largest amounts of leached substances were found in the continental climate zone, coinciding with the lowest potential bioavailability of the leached OM. The opposite pattern was found in the arid zone. Environmental vari‐ ables expected to be modified under climate change (i.e. potential evapotranspiration, aridity, dry period duration, land use) were correlated with the amount of leached sub‐ stances, with the strongest relationship found for sediments. These results show that the role of IRES should be accounted for in global biogeochemical cycles, especially because prevalence of IRES will increase due to increasing severity of drying events

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