Platelet serotonin levels are associated with plasma soluble leptin receptor concentrations in normoglycemic women
Keywords: 
Peripheral serotonin
Platelets
Regulate glucose
Lipid metabolism
Issue Date: 
2019
Publisher: 
Hindawi Limited
ISSN: 
2314-6745
Note: 
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Citation: 
Cataldo, L.R. (Luis R.); Suazo, J. (José); Olmos, P. (Pablo); et al. "Platelet serotonin levels are associated with plasma soluble leptin receptor concentrations in normoglycemic women". Journal of Diabetes Research. , 2019, 2714049
Abstract
Most peripheral serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT)) is synthetized in the gut with platelets being its main circulating reservoir. 5HT is acting as a hormone in key organs to regulate glucose and lipid metabolism. However, the relation between platelet 5HT levels and traits related to glucose homeostasis and lipid metabolism in humans remains poorly explored. The objectives of this study were (a) to assess the association between platelet 5HT levels and plasma concentration of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFAs) and some adipokines including leptin and its soluble leptin receptor (sOb-R), (b) to assess the association between platelet 5HT levels and anthropometric traits and indexes of insulin secretion/sensitivity derived from oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT), and (c) to evaluate changes in platelet 5HT levels in response to OGTT. In a cross-sectional study, 59 normoglycemic women underwent a standard 2-hour OGTT. Plasma leptin, sOb-R, total and high molecular weight adiponectin, TNFα, and MCP1 were determined by immunoassays. Platelet 5HT levels and NEFAs were measured before and after OGTT. The free leptin index was calculated from leptin and sOb-R measurements. Insulin sensitivity indexes derived from OGTT (HOMA-S and Matsuda ISICOMP) and plasma NEFAs (Adipose-IR, Revised QUICKI) were also calculated. Our data show that among metabolic traits, platelet 5HT levels were associated with plasma sOb-R (r = 0 39, p = 0 003, corrected p = 0 018). Platelet 5HT levels were reduced in response to OGTT (779 ± 237 vs 731 ± 217 ng/109 platelets, p = 0 005). In conclusion, platelet 5HT levels are positively associated with plasma sOb-R concentrations and reduced in response to glucose intake possibly indicating a role of peripheral 5HT in leptin-mediated appetite regulation.

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