The ABCD of obesity: An EASO position statement on a diagnostic term with clinical and scientific implications
Keywords: 
Adiposity
Dysfunctional adipose tissue
Noncommunicable diseases
Comorbidities
Issue Date: 
2019
Publisher: 
S. Karger AG
ISSN: 
1662-4025
Note: 
This article is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC-ND) (http://www.karger.com/Services/OpenAccessLicense). Usage and distribution for commercial purposes as well as any distribution of modified material requires written permission
Citation: 
Frühbeck, G. (Gema); Busetto, L. (Luca); Dicker, D. (Dror); et al. "The ABCD of obesity: An EASO position statement on a diagnostic term with clinical and scientific implications". Obesity Facts. 12 (2), 2019, 131 - 136
Abstract
Obesity is a frequent, serious, complex, relapsing, and chronic disease process that represents a major public health problem. The coining of obesity as an adiposity-based chronic disease (ABCD) is of particular relevance being in line with EASO’s proposal to improve the International Classification of Diseases ICD-11 diagnostic criteria for obesity based on three dimensions, namely etiology, degree of adiposity, and health risks. The body mass index as a unique measurement of obesity does not reflect the whole complexity of the disease. Obesity complications are mainly determined by 2 pathological processes, i.e., physical forces (fat mass disease) as well as endocrine and immune responses (sick fat disease), which are embedded in a cultural and physical context leading to a specific ABCD stage.

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